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iPhone 7: The Five Most Important Features for Church Media

steve-jobs-1249665_1920Under Steve Jobs, Apple had the latest and greatest gadgets. It was the bloomer and leader in the mobile tech industry. Jobs reminded me of Henry Ford. Jobs didn’t event much in the way of new tech, but he was really brilliant at perfecting, designing and packaging it. Since his passing it is my opinion that Apple has not been as revolutionary as in the golden era of the iPod, iPhone and iPad. Apple has kind of plateaued. But possibly the greatest acheivment of Steve Jobs was creating a brand loyalty. Once an Apple fan, most always an Apple fan. That being said, with the release of the new iPhone 7 and 7plus Apple may be revolutionary once again. It’s pushing the bounds in phone camera technolgy.

iphone-518101_1920The phone camera may be one of the greatest aspects to the modern smart phone. When the first phone cameras came out , the images were griany, blocky and pixelated. But the iPhone 7 stands head and shoulders above the earlier phone cameras. Let’s look at the specs of the new camera.

  •  12MP camera12MP wide-angle and telephoto cameras
    ƒ/1.8 aperture Wide-angle: ƒ/1.8 aperture
  • Telephoto: ƒ/2.8 aperture
    Digital zoom up to 5x Optical zoom at 2x; digital zoom up to 10x
  • Optical image stabilisation
  • Six‑element lens
  • Quad-LED True Tone flash
  • Panorama (up to 63 megapixels)
  • Sapphire crystal lens cover
  • Backside illumination sensor
  • Hybrid IR filter
  • Autofocus with Focus PixelsTap to focus with Focus Pixels
  • Live Photos with stabilisation
  • Wide color capture for photos and Live Photos
  • Improved local tone mapping
  • Body and face detection
  • Exposure control
  • Noise reduction
  • Auto HDR for photos
  • Auto image stabilisation
  • Burst mode
  • Timer mode
  • Photo geotagging

Five Most Important Features for Church Production

5. 12 Mega Pixels. There is some debate about how important mega pixels are. Mega pixels tell the sensor of the digital camera how much information to recieve. The fewer the mega pixels the more grainy or blocky the image will be. Remember when those first phones had 1/2 or 1 MP? Wow how we have progressed! 12 MP will really allow you to to have a high resolution, clear image. But mega pixels arn’t everything. Consider the fact that a 3 mega pixel image will be quite adequate to view on a monitor. A 10×8 print only requres about 7 MP. You can have a 100MP camera, but without adequate light or sharp focusing, then who cares? Mega pixels are only as effective as a good photographer.

4. Auto and Optical Image Stabilization. This may not be as exciting as other aspects, but trust me, you will need this. Your hands are naturally shakyEven the most steady hands will shake when taking pictures. I’m going to tack onto this list, the feature face detection. This is not new but it’s worth noting.   The camera detects faces, making them pop out from the rest of the photograph. The camera also has auto focus pixels. With this you can tap to focus on the subject, just in case your subject is not a person. Combine these with the stabilisation techniques and you have the makings for a great portrait.

3. Six‑element lens And Quad-LED True Tone flash. The six element lens will aid in the clarity and brightness of the image. Speaking of brightness the new flash looks awesome. It’s not just a burst of light that will drown out your subject. This flash will adjust to match the color temperture around you. It’s bright and effective. A advancent in point and shoot photography.

2. Exposure Control and Noise Reduction. Much of the noise reduction comes with the additional mega pixels and the faster lens apeture. That being said the iPhone 7 camera sensor is a bit smaller than previouse phones. This should have resulted in grainier pictures. But some internal calculations with the noise reduction helps insure a quality picture. One trick to manualy change the exposure is tap and hold on the object you want to focus on. While doing so swipe up for more exposure and down for less exposure.

1. Wide angle and Zoom Lenses. Thecamera has two lenses; the normal wide lens with a constant apeture of f/1.8, and a 2x zoom lens. The zoom has an aperture of f/2.8 which is still pretty nice. These apetures will let in 50% more light according to Apple. This will help when shooting indoors under low light conditions. Ultimately also helping create the blurred background, bokeh that only professional DSLR’s and lenses could acomplish. I’m excited to get my hands on one of these phones and test it out on my own.

 

Bokeh; How to Get a Blurry Background

What is Bokeh?
atwellBokeh is a derivative of of the Japanese word “boke” that means blurr, haze. The first question to address, is why you would want the background of your subject to be blurred out? The common thought for most people when shooting photography or video is to have a fully clear and in focus image that showes all detail. But when professionally shooting, the goal is to blurr the background out order to get the subject to “pop”. Bokeh brings the subject to the forfront and makes sure all other distractions in the background are blurred out. At the same time this process can create some neat abstract imagry in the background. Especially if there are fixed points of light in the background. Sometimes you can capture some neat light ringlets or patterns. Bokeh can create some really visually appealing artistic effect. The next question is, how do you acquire this blurry background effect?

The Importance of Aperture

5011052457_cc2aec27f5_oThe number one way to acheive this is through a lower apature. A lower f-Stop is the tool or measurment you need. You need to set your camera to M or manual mode. Now you can change the f-stop on the lens. If you have a good lens, such as a prime lens or a constant apeture lens; you can aquire this effect. What you need to do is lower the f-stop to f/2.5 or lower. Remember though that the lower the f-stop the harder it can be to manually focus and keep the subject in focus. Again, a f-stop of 2.5 or lower is really great for shooting to get Bokeh.

You’re going to need plenty of light to shoot in. In order to get a clear image. If you’re shooting video outdoors be careful. You’ll need to bump up your f-stop to compensate for the intense light of outdoors.  In this case you’ll loose some Bokeh. When shooting for pictures you can run your shutter stop up. This way you can block out some light and keep your f-stop low to keep the bokeh.

Depth of Field

bird-197052_1920The other way to get Bokeh is to get physically closer to your subject. You can get closer by physically moving closer or you can use a long zoom lens. This autimatically reduces the depth of field. Shallow depth of field is what gives the look you want. Depth of field is “what subject matter is in the range of focus”. This is why the f/2.5 works. This measurment is going to give you the shallow depth of field you want. Drawing closer to the subject automatically does this. Getting closer to the subject physically changes the dynamics and allows for the Bokeh you desire.

What if I Want my Background in Focus?

There may be times when you want to show the subject and a fully focused background. To do this, simply set the aperture to a higher number. You’ll just have to test and see what works your situation. In an average sized room, f/8.0 ought to work. The higher the f-stop, the higher the depth of field. Thustly the more of the image you see in the view finder will be in focus.

I hope this helps you aquire the Bokeh and blurr you want. For any questions let me know!

iPhone Photography and Videography: 4 Tips on How to do Great Work.

Often with church or ministry documentation, it is expensive, and inconvenient to have a DSLR camera and all the accompanying gear. This gear includes, but is not limited to tripods, microphones, extra lenses, monitors, lights etc. Most churches don’t have the time or man power for that kind of an undertaking for each outreach. When on an outreach or mission trip it can be cumbersome to whip out a bulky DSLR and telephoto lens. I’d like to examine today a much easier and more convenient method for better church media. That being said I am always ready, love and advise shooting with a pro camera for better results, when convenient.
What is a 1080p HD pocket camera that everyone already has? Everyone has an iPhone, right? iPhones are increasingly better and better recording devices. With a little help everyone can do more quality work with their idevice. An idevice is a new term that incorporates the iPhone and iPad. Let’s look at 4 tips to do better photography and videography with your iPhone. 


Tip One: Plan Better

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Planning better is the first step to doing any kind of photography. If you fail to plan you plan to fail. Take the time to get to know the features on your iPhone camera. Know where the flash is and the HDR option. You can even set a timer. Set the grid on your camera to practice lining up your images. This helps you with the rule of thirds, to assist you in making a more pleasing, ascetic image. Try shooting closer to your subject to get a better picture. Shoot lower or higher for a more unique angle. If you are shooting action or an event, be prepared and set up for the main event. Be aware and attentive to the action happening. Try to anticipate change so you can be ready for that shot.  Move to different sides or positions so get the optimal shot. No machine gun pics. Don’t just wave your phone all over the place and hope something tuns out. Plan the timing and position of your shot. Wait for the camera to auto focus. Don’t be in a rush to click. No picture is any good if it is blurry. On that note if you hold down on the screen with your finger, you can choose where you want the camera to focus at. You can choose a face or whatever the main subject is.

When shooting video, turn the camera to the horizontal view. This is a more natural video composition. When shooting video, be slow and deliberate with your movements. If you rush to much, you’ll lose focus and your video will be fuzzy.

Tip Two: Lens Options

The next step is to upgrade your equipment. Better lenses for your iPhone or iDevice mean that you have more options. More options means, better photos or videos. With a quick internet search you can find the right lens or lens set for you. You can get a extra wide, fish eye lens, macro lens, or even a telephoto lens. This is basically the range of lenses you would buy for a professional set.

  • Fish Eye. The fish eye lens is a ultra wide lens used to fully capture a large amount of space such as a city, stadium, mountain etc. A fish eye used to close can be very distorting.

    vancouver-257722_1920
    Fish eye lens
  • Macro. This is a great lens for capturing the small world of flowers, bugs, little things. It can be a neat way to get some unique pictures.

    macro-1357791_1920
    Macro lens
  • Telephoto. This is a great lens for a nature walk. If you see a far off bird, animal, or any subject in the distance. This is the lens you need to bring the distant subject close.

    bird-197052_1920
    Telephoto lens

Most of these attachable lenses are fairly cheap and easy to operate. In fact, you can get a set of lenses for your iPhone and get them all at once. Before purchasing, make sure that you can use the lens with the type of iPhone or idevice, that you have or that you plan on having. You don’t want to buy this equipment and then turn around two months later and buy a new phone. Make sure your going to have the phone for a while to make the purchases worth it.

Tip Three: Use a Tripod

It can be hard to focus with an iPhone. It does not have any grips, like a DSLR to keep the camera steady. Because of this flaw, you may want to invest in a tripod for your iDevice. Again, with a short search you can find flexible tripods, miniature tripods, and even full height tripods, all for your iPhone. A flexible tripod might be nice because you don’t know what type of position you’ll find yourself in, when out and about shooting. All in all a tripod is always a great choice to steady your images. If you are shooting video then a tripod is even more important. A shaky video is simply un watchable. To get better video for your church I advise you to invest in a tripod.

Tip Four: Do Better Video with a Mic and Light

It is truly amazing what you can get now! Yes you can purchase a clip on light for shooting video. I can’t vouch for how bright the light is or how long it will last. But when the room is dark or you’re about to loose the sun in your interview,  it may be just enough light to finish the job.

You can also get a boom mic and grip for recording more professional audio. If you are doing an interview you can purchase a lavaliere mic that will click right into your headphone jack on your phone. I can’t stress enough the importance of having great audio. You can take the best video your camera can muster but if you have scratchy, fuzzy, bad audio then your final product is still going to be shabby. It’s very important to get a boom mic with grip or a lavaliere mic and tripod.

Honestly you can get all or most of these things for $60 or less. You might be able to buy a package deal for $200 at the most. This is incredibly less expensive than buying all the gear for a DSLR or professional video gig. One of the other great aspects about shooting on you phone or iPad is that you can edit your material right there. There’s no transfer time. Over all, using your device as your primary means of recording church events or missions is very affordable. With the right gear attached you can acquire semi pro quality material.

Watch this video for even further education in this matter.

5 Keys to Shooting a Great Church Outreach

cameraMany churches do outreach events, as they should. Outreaches are the life blood of the church. Often times, as the church photographer you are asked to shoot church outreach events. I hope, that in this blog, I can outline some keys to shooting a great outreach.

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Key 1
: Know the Event. As the photographer you need to know if the event is outside or inside. If it is inside then more than likely you’ll want to bring a flash since you’ll want to get well lit pictures. If you want the raw look then leave the flash at home. This also helps garuntee that your ISO won’t be to high and thusly giving you grainy pictures.

flashKey 2: Use a Flash. Most inside venues are really too dark, in my opinion, and I have been saved on more than one occasion by bringing my flash. On that note, I always bring a few extra batteries with me, just in case my flash decides to die. I have a Speedlight 430 EX 2 and it works really well for me. Remember to shoot with the flash semi to fly pointed at the ceiling. Why?  This allows for the light to bounce and fill the room exposing more of the room. If you point the flash right at the subject the subject will be over exposed. I can set the flash on manual mode to truly hone in on the artistic, exact shot you desire. But for quick shooting, I find that the TTL mode works best. TTL stands for Through The Lens mode.


TTL flash metering measures the burst of flash output light reflecting back from the subject and takes its reading through the lens. It will take this reading from the section in your view where the active focusing point is set. TTL manipulates the flash exposure with a dedicated sensor that measures the flash output reflected from the surface of the image sensor during active exposure.-http://www.exposureguide.com/ttl-flash-metering.htm


photo-431119_1920I find that this works for me when shooting a event.  I don’t always have time to stop and make adjustments to the lens settings and the manual flash mode. When shooting a church outreach event on location you have to be fast and get those moments while they’re happening. They won’t happen again and you can’t fake natural emotion, in that you can’t ask someone to react again. Be prepared, have the flash ready and shoot!

Key 3: Shooting With and Against the Sun. If the event is happening outside, you most likely won’t need the flash. You can rely on the brightness of the sun to be your light. With the right settings even a cloudy day can be bright enough to shoot in.

Always be aware of the position of the sun. Is it behind you, in front of you or beside you?

If the sun in in front of you, your subject is going to be in shadow and the background is going to be lit up. All you’ll see clearly in your picture is the background. To fix this, you can bump up your ISO or the speed of your lens can be lower. But this will blow out the background. In order to shoot the subject and the background and to have both be lit up and properly exposed, you will need the flash. Set your settings so that the background is perfectly exposed or maybe even a little underexposed and then bring out the flash. Now you’ve compensated for the shadows. Set the flash to TTL, point the flash at the subject and snap the pic. You may need to tweak it a bit to get the right setting but for the most part you should have a great picture now. In some instances the sun can cast long shadows and it might be nice to have your flash in this instance too. More than likely though it will be better to just move your target audience so that the sun is not in their face or casting those pesky shadows.

5011052457_cc2aec27f5_oKey 4: Bring the Right Lenses. I would suggest that you bring a fast wide angle and a fast zoom lens. This is not the time to be playing with your prime lenses. You’ll need like 10 lenses so no, don’t do that! Bring a fast wide angle like a10- 24 mm. Make sure it can shoot at an f-stop of f/2.5 or lower. This helps guarantee a clear and well exposed picture. Wide angle lenses for a church outreach shoot are perfect because you can capture the entire event in a few well placed key shots. It can be great to find a high point and look down on the event as much as possible in order to shoot the entire crowd and all the activity. This is a good lens for capturing a team picture as well. You don’t want to always just be getting big crowd shots. It’s also important to capture personal portrait pictures too. Bring with you a fast zoom lens. I would suggest a lens that can zoom 75- 200 mm and shoots with an f-stop of f/2.5 or less. If your going for artistic then this is the time to capture that. Set that f-stop to as low as it can go and shoot away. This is a great way to pan the crowd and find that right shot. You can find that smiling face, that kid having fun, that volunteer giving out something free, someone praying for another, etc. This is a lens for capturing a personal story. Faces reveal emotion and if your outreach is being a blessing to someone, then their face is going to show it. This is the lens you need to capture that emotion.

photographer-16022_1920Key 5:  Be Fearless. Get in there and shoot. People don’t want to see backs of heads. People want to see faces. If something is happening, then get close to the subject. Be a part of, but away from the action. What does the shot look like close? What does it look like wide? What if you lowered the camera? What if you raised it? Just because your documenting an event does not mean the shots have to be boring.  You’re the photographer, how can you make this story more interesting? You can have all the pixels, high definition, and add in all the K’s you want to the resolution, but if your picture sucks what good does it do you?

I sincerely hope these five keys will benefit you when you go out to shoot the next church outreach. I hope this video will help explain some of what I’ve taught in the post above about using the flash outdoors.

 

 

A Brief Review of Nikon v Canon

camera-691907_1280I just recently started to learn about the world of Nikon DSLR camera. Some of you at this point may be saying “welcome to the party!” Others at this point might be saying “traitor!” I know of people who started with Nikon and switched to Canon and still others who switched from Canon to Nikon. Some of you right now are saying, “The heck with that I love Sony or Panasonic”. I’ve been informed that Nikon is a photographers camera and Canon is better for those who want to use a DSLR for videography. I don’t have any proof to back that statement up, that’s just what I’ve heard. All in all I think it comes down to personal preference. You have to know yourself and the type of work you will be doing. For church photography I don’t think it really matters which you use. Therefor I will be sharing my experience.

I was at a wedding just strolling around and shooting the decor for practice. As I started to shoot with the Nikon DSLR, I noticed that I had a hard time changing my settings. This may be due to the fact that this was my first shoot with a Nikon and I am not accustomed to it yet. Never the less the speed I normally have was gone and I had to constantly stop and look at the camera to change my f-stop, shutter speed and mostly the ISO. I had to make sure that I wasn’t changing the f-stop when I wanted to change the shutter speed and so forth.

Wow! To change the ISO is the trickiest cat of all. You have to press and hold down the ISO button on the left of the camera, while turning a wheel on the right. I just remember thinking to myself “how very cumbersome and inconvenient”. When your shooting church photography it is necessary to change the ISO a lot because the light is always changing from front of stage to back of auditorium. The lobby light is differ than the auditorium light, classrooms are different from those and of coarse outside is going  to be way different. I said all that to make the point that this process of changing the ISO on a Nikon while “on the go” is way more frustrating than it is to change on the Canon. Perhaps it might be ok, if you’re in a controlled environment such as a studio and you have time to stop and think about that change.

Honestly that’s it for this post. I don’t have much more to grouse at than that major point. Over all I thought most of the changes were very similar. The weight, design, and processes of the camera are not that different than Canon. If you can get over the ISO malfunction mess then I would say that you can be just as happy with Nikon as you are with Canon. Perhaps as I familiarize myself more with Nikon I’ll have more to say, but for now I’ll be sticking with my Canon camera.  This video is very good. It might help you in your decision making. Happy shooting everyone.