In the last post I reviewed my list for choice zoom lenses for photography when dealing with church media. Of coarse if you desire you can use that same list for church videography. But to get into the art and craft of videography I suggest you use prime lenses. Of coarse primes can be used for photography too, but primes don’t allow as much flexibility.
Prime lenses are defined as: one that has just one focal length only (in contrast to a zoom lens that covers a wider range of lengths).
Prime lenses come in a wide range of focal lengths from wide angles through to the very longest of tele-photo lenses used by many sports photographers and paparazzi.
Maximum Aperture – one of the biggest arguments used by prime lens lovers is the speed that prime lenses are able to offer. For example, in the Canon range the fastest lenses available are all prime lenses (down to f/1.2) where as in the zoom range f/2.8 is as fast as you’ll get.
Quality – traditionally prime lenses are known for their advanced optics and quality. They generally have less moving parts and so manufacturers are able to concentrate their efforts on adding quality glass and menanisms.
Keep in mind however that just because it’s a prime lens doesn’t mean that it is going to be of the highest standards. Manufacturers make a range of lenses at different price point (zoom and prime) and some are always going to be better than others.-Digital Photography School.com
In my own words, a prime lens is a lens with a singular focal length. A zoom lens covers multiple focal lengths. Prime lenses don’t have any moving parts so you can have more glass thus resulting in higher quality lens. You also have faster glass with prime lenses. Faster glass means that the lens can be set at a low aperture in any setting. Another words you will be able to have your settings be on f/2.8 (there about ) no matter the lighting condition. In short it has a better aperture range. Having stated that; the reason I say Primes are more for videography is because they demand that you plan your shot. You don’t have the flexibility of a zoom photography lens. Primes require more time and attention to craft. They bring out creativity and purposeful shooting.
Let me also preface here by saying that the primes in this list are meant for Cannon DSLR cameras. No matter what your brand is you can get similar prime lenses for your camera brand. My list of prime lenses for shooting includes:
Canon EF 24mm f/2.8 IS USM Lens $599
Canon EF 35mm f/2 IS USM Lens $549
Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens $110
- Canon EF 85mm f/1.8 USM Lens $369
Again you can get more expensive lens’s for DSLR but I find this is an adequate list. 24mm is a nice wide lens to use as your landscape shot or opening shot. It’s a great way to establish the scene. The speed of the lens is 2.8 so that is a nice aperture to be able to shoot at in any lighting condition. The 35mm is a great medium wide lens. Again it is also really fast giving you a lot of options when shooting and creative control. The nifty 50 is the 50mm lens. Surprisingly it is one the cheapest lenses that you can buy anywhere! The lightest and best prices lens you will ever buy. 50mm is decently tight and makes a good medium range shot. Finally the 85mm is a great close up glamor shot. With a 1.8 top speed, your going to get some gorgeous bokeh. Booked of coarse is when your foreground or focus image is in prime focus and your background is blurred out completely. It’s best seen when you have lots of light behind your subject. With a fast aperture you can get really pretty images.
Here is some example of the background being blurred out.